What arrangements are in place to fund my child's support
Funding arrangements for schools are in place, which ensure that each school has not only what is required to meet the needs of children on the school roll, but also additional funding to meet the majority of needs of all vulnerable children. In general, additional funding within the school’s budget should be used to provide planned approaches to meet the individual needs of children who are not responding to whole class based interventions and strategies, alongside the differentiated work and other class based interventions normally in place.
Funding arrangements were changed in 2013 by the Department of Education to ensure that schools have sufficient money within their budgets to cover the cost of meeting the needs of the majority of children within their schools, including those with additional needs. This is based on three key aspects;
- The number of children in the school
- The number of children in the school who have free school meals and
- The number of children with SEN (judged on the number of children who are admitted in Year 1 or Year 7 with skills and abilities below national expectations)
Schools are also able to draw on funding for pupils in areas of deprivation and funding for children in Public Care (The Pupil Premium) where this is appropriate.
If a child has severe and complex needs, that may require support from Health and Social Care as well as for SEN, and external professionals as well as school are recommending support and interventions which are above the school’s ability to fund, then the Local Authority are able to provide some ‘top-up’ money. This funding would only become available through a process known as the Education Health and Care Planning Pathway, which would result in an Education Health and Care Plan being agreed. Where a child’s needs do not meet the threshold’s for an EHC Plan, a non-statutory plan may be drawn together to ensure a holistic provision of support for the child from Health, Social Care and Education (including schools, colleges and Academies) resources.